POPULATION MORTALITY RATES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC HEALTH SERVICES AND FINANCE
Member States by WHO Region

Total
population

Dependency ratio Total fertility Infant mortality rate Probability of dying

(per 1 000)

Maternal mortality ratio Life expectancy at birth (years) GDP per capita

adjusted for purchasing power

Average years of education

for population aged 25+

Malnutrition: Stunting among children under age 5 (%) Children immunized against measles (%) Health expenditures
Size (000) Annual growth rate (%) (per 100) (per 1 000) under age 5 between age 15 and age 59 (per 100 000) Males Females in 1985 US$ Annual growth rate (%) Females Male excess over females Males Females Total (% of GDP) Public sector (% of GDP) Public sector (% of total)
1998 1978-1998 1978 1998 1978 1998 1978 1998 Males 1998 Females 1998 Males 1998 Females 1998 1990 1978 1998 1978 1998 1992 1962-1992 1982-1992 1990 1990 around 1995 around 1995 1987 1997 around 1995 around 1995 around 1995
All Member States 5 884 576 1.6 72 59 3.9 2.7 87 57 83 83 225 156 430 60 65 63 69 4 123 2.7 2.5 4.5 2.1 53 82 5.2 2.6 48
Africa 601 783 2.8 94 90 6.7 5.4 121 91 172 154 477 428 940 46 49 49 51 1 261 0.9 -1.9 1.9 1.5 41 57 3.2 1.7 50
1 Algeria 30 081 2.7 104 70 7.2 3.8 112 44 57 45 147 120 160 1 57 68 59 70 2 719 2.6 -0.4 1.9 1.9 18 18 59 74 4.6 3.3 73
2 Angola 12 092 3.0 89 102 6.8 6.8 161 125 217 199 413 355 1 500 2 38 45 42 48 ... ... ... ... 55 78 ... 4.1 ...
3 Benin 5 781 2.9 94 98 7.1 5.8 122 88 142 124 373 318 990 3 45 52 49 55 ... 0.7 1.2 27 23 26 82 ... 1.7 ...
4 Botswana 1 570 3.2 105 83 6.4 4.4 76 59 112 101 676 610 250 4 55 46 58 48 ... 2.4 0.5 ... ... 48 79 2.9 1.6 55
5 Burkina Faso 11 305 2.7 100 100 7.8 6.6 127 99 176 166 557 518 930 5 42 44 44 45 514 0.6 0.0 ... 35 32 65 68 5.5 2.3 42
6 Burundi 6 457 2.5 94 97 6.8 6.3 127 119 189 168 603 545 1 300 6 44 41 48 44 569 0.4 1.2 ... ... ... 54 ... ... 0.8 ...
7 Cameroon 14 305 2.8 91 90 6.5 5.3 108 74 120 109 389 345 550 7 47 53 50 56 1 029 1.3 -2.2 1.7 1.3 27 25 ... 43 1.4 1.0 72
8 Cape Verde 408 1.8 110 81 6.7 3.6 86 56 68 60 213 125 ... 8 59 66 62 71 1 085 3.0 1.9 ... 75 82 ... 3.4 ...
9 Central African Republic 3 485 2.3 82 88 5.9 4.9 122 98 172 141 580 521 700 9 42 43 47 47 514 -1.0 -2.6 ... 27 30 14 ... ... 1.9 ...
10 Chad 7 270 2.7 83 97 6.6 6.1 154 112 184 164 452 400 1 500 10 39 46 43 49 408 -2.2 1.0 ... 41 39 16 30 3.7 3.7 98
11 Comoros 658 3.1 102 85 7.1 4.8 116 76 112 101 303 254 950 11 49 57 53 60 527 -0.2 -2.1 ... 36 32 71 49 1.2 0.9 79
12 Congo 2 785 2.9 93 98 6.3 6.1 91 90 147 116 539 475 890 12 46 46 51 51 2 240 2.3 -1.2 2.9 2.2 ... ... 66 18 6.3 3.2 50
13 Cte d'Ivoire 14 292 3.2 95 88 7.4 5.1 117 87 144 129 555 549 810 13 46 46 50 47 1 104 -0.2 -4.2 ... 25 24 ... 68 3.5 1.4 41
14 Democratic Republic of the Congo 49 139 3.4 94 103 6.5 6.4 117 90 148 130 442 391 870 14 46 49 50 52 ... 1.3 2.0 47 44 41 20 0.2 ...
15 Equatorial Guinea 431 3.7 82 89 5.7 5.6 149 108 184 169 379 322 820 15 40 48 44 52 ... ... ... ... ... 82 6.3 5.2 81
16 Eritrea 3 577 2.3 89 89 6.4 5.7 123 91 154 137 430 374 1 400 16 44 49 47 52 ... ... 36 41 ... 53 2.0 1.1 55
17 Ethiopia 59 649 2.8 92 96 6.8 6.3 149 116 193 174 559 528 1 400 17 40 42 44 44 ... ... 66 63 13 52 2.6 1.6 61
18 Gabon 1 167 3.0 67 84 4.4 5.4 122 87 143 127 395 353 500 18 45 51 49 54 3 622 1.8 -1.5 ... ... ... 67 ... ... 0.5 ...
19 Gambia 1 229 3.6 82 77 6.5 5.2 167 122 212 194 408 350 1 100 19 37 45 41 49 ... 0.5 0.8 33 28 88 91 ... 2.0 ...
20 Ghana 19 162 3.1 92 89 6.5 5.2 99 66 107 95 280 227 740 20 50 58 54 62 956 0.1 1.9 1.5 2.6 28 24 28 59 1.5 1.4 94
21 Guinea 7 337 2.7 93 90 7.0 5.5 167 124 207 208 402 366 1 600 21 38 46 39 47 740 0.8 -0.6 ... ... ... ... 56 ... 1.2 ...
22 Guinea-Bissau 1 161 2.3 74 88 5.6 5.8 176 130 214 192 443 391 910 22 36 43 39 46 634 0.8 0.0 ... ... ... 60 51 ... 1.1 ...
23 Kenya 29 008 3.2 114 90 8.1 4.5 88 66 107 101 515 475 650 23 51 51 55 53 914 1.5 0.6 1.9 1.9 35 32 ... 32 2.6 1.6 62
24 Lesotho 2 062 2.4 85 79 5.7 4.8 121 93 132 127 362 304 610 24 50 55 54 57 952 3.3 -0.8 3.8 -1.1 46 41 84 53 ... 4.1 ...
25 Liberia 2 666 2.1 92 97 6.8 6.3 167 116 184 163 489 445 560 25 48 46 51 49 ... 1.0 1.9 ... ... 40 ... ... ...
26 Madagascar 15 057 2.9 94 90 6.6 5.4 130 83 123 110 319 267 490 26 48 56 51 59 608 -2.2 -3.0 ... 51 48 27 ... ... 1.1 ...
27 Malawi 10 346 2.9 99 100 7.6 6.8 177 138 223 217 632 599 560 27 42 39 44 40 496 0.8 0.0 1.6 1.8 50 47 81 87 ... 2.3 ...
28 Mali 10 694 2.5 96 101 7.1 6.6 180 118 244 227 244 219 1 200 28 44 52 46 55 ... 0.4 0.8 31 29 8 56 2.7 1.2 46
29 Mauritania 2 529 2.7 87 89 6.5 5.5 125 92 155 142 345 290 930 29 44 52 47 55 837 0.1 -0.6 ... ... ... 27 20 5.2 1.1 21
30 Mauritius 1 141 1.0 68 48 3.1 1.9 38 16 22 13 229 111 120 30 62 68 68 75 6 167 2.4 4.7 4.4 1.6 ... ... ... ... 4.0 2.3 58
31 Mozambique 18 880 2.5 88 93 6.5 6.3 160 114 193 173 509 461 1 500 31 42 44 45 47 711 -1.8 -2.4 0.4 0.7 ... ... 37 70 ... 4.6 ...
32 Namibia 1 660 2.7 87 84 6.0 4.9 98 65 125 119 453 427 370 32 50 52 53 53 2 774 1.1 -1.2 ... 30 27 ... 57 7.2 3.7 52
33 Niger 10 078 3.3 96 103 8.1 6.8 157 115 198 181 393 336 1 200 33 39 47 42 50 ... 0.3 0.6 41 38 ... 42 ... 1.6 ...
34 Nigeria 106 409 2.7 95 88 6.9 5.2 109 81 154 140 426 375 1 000 34 43 49 47 52 978 1.9 -3.7 ... 43 42 24 69 1.3 0.3 25
35 Rwanda 6 604 1.6 104 94 8.5 6.2 133 124 213 191 619 578 1 300 35 43 39 47 42 762 1.6 -0.7 0.9 1.2 50 47 74 66 ... 1.9 ...
36 Sao Tome and Principe 141 2.4 ... ... ... ... ... 36 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 69 60 ... 6.2 ...
37 Senegal 9 003 2.7 92 90 7.0 5.6 97 63 117 112 418 317 1 200 37 42 51 46 54 ... 1.3 1.1 24 22 ... 65 ... 2.5 ...
38 Seychelles 76 1.0 ... ... ... ... ... 38 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 100 100 ... 4.0 ...
39 Sierra Leone 4 568 1.9 85 89 6.5 6.1 192 170 277 248 557 504 1 800 39 34 36 37 39 734 -0.9 -3.7 0.8 1.1 ... ... ... 28 3.6 1.5 43
40 South Africa 39 357 2.0 76 64 4.5 3.3 72 59 98 76 507 390 230 40 52 52 59 58 3 068 1.0 -1.6 4.4 0.8 24 22 75 ... 7.9 3.6 45
41 Swaziland 952 3.0 94 85 6.5 4.7 108 65 109 91 284 220 560 41 48 58 52 63 ... 3.1 0.9 ... ... 77 57 ... 2.8 ...
42 Togo 4 397 2.9 91 97 6.6 6.1 117 84 137 120 524 481 640 42 46 48 50 50 530 1.2 -2.1 1.3 2.5 36 32 57 38 3.4 1.2 35
43 Uganda 20 554 2.6 101 108 6.9 7.1 114 107 181 164 707 675 1 200 43 45 39 49 40 547 -0.2 -5.6 0.8 1.2 40 37 48 60 3.9 1.8 45
44 United Republic of Tanzania 32 102 3.1 100 94 6.8 5.5 113 82 138 123 548 509 770 44 47 47 51 49 ... ... 45 42 78 69 ... 2.5 ...
45 Zambia 8 781 2.5 104 100 7.2 5.6 94 82 149 144 774 724 940 45 48 40 51 41 ... 2.7 2.8 43 42 65 69 3.3 2.6 78
46 Zimbabwe 11 377 2.7 104 82 6.6 3.8 86 69 123 111 713 689 570 46 52 44 56 45 1 162 0.7 -1.4 1.7 1.3 ... ... 80 73 6.2 2.2 35
The Americas 802 811 1.5 67 57 3.3 2.4 56 28 39 31 197 109 140 65 69 71 76 9 997 1.9 0.8 7.8 0.6 66 93 8.6 4.1 47
47 Antigua and Barbuda 67 0.6 ... ... ... ... ... 47 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 86 93 5.4 2.9 54
48 Argentina 36 123 1.4 61 61 3.4 2.6 39 22 28 22 187 95 100 48 65 70 72 77 ... 7.7 0.1 7 2 81 98 9.7 4.3 44
49 Bahamas 296 1.9 78 56 3.2 2.6 29 16 20 15 207 111 100 49 63 71 71 77 ... ... ... ... ... 93 4.2 2.5 59
50 Barbados 268 0.4 68 50 2.2 1.5 27 12 14 15 126 80 43 50 69 74 74 79 ... 8.2 0.0 ... ... ... 92 6.8 4.4 65
51 Belize 230 2.5 106 83 6.2 3.7 45 29 37 37 116 85 ... 51 69 73 71 76 4 253 1.8 ... ... ... 64 98 8.0 6.0 75
52 Bolivia 7 957 2.2 86 79 5.8 4.4 131 66 92 83 271 219 650 52 48 60 52 63 1 721 1.2 -0.8 3.3 1.7 33 26 33 98 7.1 4.1 58
53 Brazil 165 851 1.8 75 54 4.3 2.3 79 42 54 41 292 157 220 53 60 63 64 71 3 882 2.4 -0.2 3.5 0.1 12 9 63 99 4.6 1.8 40
54 Canada 30 563 1.2 49 47 1.8 1.6 12 6 8 6 108 61 6 54 71 76 78 82 16 362 2.6 1.8 10.2 0.3 ... ... 70 ... 9.2 6.6 71
55 Chile 14 824 1.6 67 56 3.0 2.4 45 13 17 13 158 86 65 55 64 72 71 78 4 890 1.6 3.5 6.1 0.1 ... ... 92 92 6.2 2.5 40
56 Colombia 40 803 2.0 84 61 4.3 2.8 57 30 43 35 220 119 100 56 62 67 66 74 3 380 2.2 1.4 4.5 -0.6 16 14 72 89 7.4 2.9 40
57 Costa Rica 3 841 2.9 77 62 3.9 2.8 30 12 16 13 124 75 55 57 69 74 73 79 3 569 1.7 1.5 5.3 0.1 6 7 90 99 8.5 6.3 74
58 Cuba 11 116 0.7 71 45 2.1 1.6 23 9 13 10 141 101 95 58 71 74 75 78 ... 6.4 0.5 ... ... 99 99 ... 7.9 ...
59 Dominica 71 -0.2 ... ... ... ... ... 59 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 87 99 6.3 4.0 63
60 Dominican Republic 8 232 2.1 87 62 4.7 2.8 84 34 51 41 167 121 110 60 60 69 64 73 2 250 1.7 0.0 3.5 0.5 12 9 71 80 5.7 1.8 32
61 Ecuador 12 175 2.4 90 65 5.4 3.1 82 46 66 54 190 127 150 61 60 67 63 72 2 830 2.2 -1.2 5.3 0.7 ... ... 46 75 5.3 2.0 39
62 El Salvador 6 032 1.6 94 70 5.6 3.2 95 32 45 37 239 153 300 62 52 67 62 73 1 876 0.6 0.7 3.0 0.8 23 24 48 97 5.9 2.4 41
63 Grenada 93 0.2 ... ... ... ... ... 63 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 77 92 5.2 2.8 53
64 Guatemala 10 801 2.6 95 91 6.4 4.9 91 46 65 57 312 201 200 64 54 61 58 67 2 247 0.9 -0.4 2.2 0.7 50 49 24 74 3.2 1.7 54
65 Guyana 850 0.6 85 54 3.9 2.3 67 58 90 65 262 165 ... 65 58 61 63 68 ... 5.4 -0.1 ... ... 52 82 5.2 4.3 83
66 Haiti 7 952 2.1 85 83 6.0 4.4 139 68 112 97 472 367 1 000 66 49 51 52 56 ... 1.3 1.8 32 32 24 ... 3.6 1.3 40
67 Honduras 6 147 3.1 101 85 6.6 4.3 81 35 54 43 208 150 220 67 56 68 60 72 1 385 0.9 -0.4 3.6 0.2 39 40 69 89 5.6 2.8 50
68 Jamaica 2 538 1.0 95 64 4.0 2.5 37 22 28 25 132 80 120 68 68 73 72 77 ... 4.8 -0.6 ... ... 62 88 4.9 2.5 51
69 Mexico 95 831 2.0 99 63 5.3 2.8 57 31 41 34 198 108 110 69 62 70 69 75 6 253 2.6 0.5 5.4 0.9 23 23 54 97 4.2 2.4 56
70 Nicaragua 4 807 2.8 100 88 6.4 4.4 90 43 64 53 217 157 160 70 55 66 60 71 ... 3.1 0.5 25 22 44 94 8.6 5.3 61
71 Panama 2 767 2.0 85 60 4.1 2.6 35 21 29 26 148 96 55 71 67 72 71 76 3 332 2.1 -0.8 7.6 -0.2 ... ... 78 92 6.7 4.7 70
72 Paraguay 5 222 2.9 90 78 5.2 4.2 51 39 54 43 178 120 160 72 64 67 69 72 2 178 1.9 -1.0 4.5 0.5 14 14 56 61 5.1 1.8 36
73 Peru 24 797 2.1 86 64 5.4 3.0 99 45 71 58 201 135 280 73 57 66 60 71 2 092 -0.3 -3.5 5.0 0.9 26 25 35 94 3.7 2.2 60
74 Saint Kitts and Nevis 39 -0.7 ... ... ... ... ... 74 ... ... ... ... 4 799 ... ... ... 91 97 5.3 3.2 61
75 Saint Lucia 150 1.5 ... ... ... ... ... 75 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 81 95 3.8 2.5 66
76 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 112 0.8 ... ... ... ... ... 76 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 91 99 7.0 5.2 74
77 Suriname 414 0.8 92 60 4.2 2.2 44 29 39 28 210 130 ... 77 63 68 68 73 ... ... ... ... 70 78 4.0 2.0 50
78 Trinidad and Tobago 1 283 1.0 69 51 3.4 1.7 32 15 19 12 162 107 90 78 66 72 71 76 ... 6.2 0.1 ... ... 68 88 3.4 2.1 61
79 United States of America 274 028 1.0 52 52 1.8 2.0 14 7 10 8 154 79 12 79 69 73 77 80 17 945 1.8 1.9 11.6 0.9 2 2 82 ... 14.0 6.6 47
80 Uruguay 3 289 0.7 60 60 2.9 2.4 42 18 23 17 179 92 85 80 66 70 73 78 5 185 1.0 1.1 6.9 -0.4 10 9 99 80 13.4 7.0 52
81 Venezuela 23 242 2.5 81 65 4.5 3.0 39 21 27 22 184 105 120 81 65 70 71 76 7 082 0.2 0.3 4.8 0.2 15 12 57 68 7.5 3.0 40
Eastern Mediterranean 473 644 2.8 90 78 6.5 4.4 118 69 107 102 214 172 440 53 63 55 65 2 139 2.2 1.3 1.7 2.2 57 83 3.6 1.6 38
82 Afghanistan 21 354 1.4 85 84 7.2 6.9 183 152 257 257 371 324 1 700 82 40 45 40 46 ... 0.3 1.4 54 49 31 58 ... ...
83 Bahrain 595 3.2 67 50 5.2 2.9 43 17 26 17 143 92 60 83 64 71 68 75 ... 4.3 0.5 ... ... 73 95 7.0 ...
84 Cyprus 771 1.2 53 55 2.3 2.0 20 9 10 9 115 65 5 84 72 76 76 80 9 203 4.5 5.1 7.2 1.2 ... ... 91 90 4.6 ...
85 Djibouti 623 4.7 86 80 6.7 5.3 143 106 182 166 376 319 570 85 41 49 45 52 ... ... ... ... 22 59 ... ...
86 Egypt 65 978 2.3 78 68 5.3 3.4 131 51 65 64 201 139 170 86 53 65 55 68 1 869 2.6 0.8 2.3 2.7 26 23 76 92 3.7 1.6 43
87 Iran, Islamic Republic of 65 758 3.0 94 75 6.5 2.8 100 35 52 51 170 150 120 87 58 69 59 70 3 685 0.8 -0.5 2.3 1.9 20 18 62 96 4.8 2.8 58
88 Iraq 21 800 3.0 96 82 6.6 5.3 84 95 119 114 243 192 310 88 61 61 62 64 ... 2.0 2.3 ... ... 66 98 ... ...
89 Jordan 6 304 4.3 108 82 7.4 4.9 65 26 32 31 185 142 150 89 59 69 63 72 ... 3.8 2.7 16 16 80 95 7.9 3.7 47
90 Kuwait 1 811 2.0 77 61 5.9 2.9 34 12 16 14 103 68 29 90 68 74 72 78 ... 5.7 0.0 ... ... 95 95 ... 3.6 ...
91 Lebanon 3 191 0.8 85 64 4.3 2.7 48 29 39 31 180 133 300 91 63 68 67 72 ... ... 13 12 81 89 5.3 2.1 39
92 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 5 339 3.3 95 73 7.4 3.8 63 28 32 31 189 143 220 92 56 68 59 72 ... ... 16 14 56 92 ... ...
93 Morocco 27 377 2.0 95 61 5.9 3.1 110 51 74 62 193 142 610 93 54 65 58 69 2 173 2.3 1.1 ... 24 24 73 92 3.4 1.6 48
94 Oman 2 382 4.3 89 90 7.2 5.9 95 25 35 24 170 115 190 94 54 69 56 73 ... ... 19 13 86 98 ... 2.5 ...
95 Pakistan 148 166 3.1 92 83 7.0 5.0 130 74 108 104 192 148 340 95 53 63 54 65 1 432 2.6 2.4 1.0 2.5 ... ... 52 74 3.5 0.8 22
96 Qatar 579 5.4 53 39 6.1 3.7 46 17 27 18 150 82 ... 96 64 70 68 75 ... ... 8 8 62 87 2.8 ...
97 Saudi Arabia 20 181 4.4 90 78 7.3 5.8 75 23 31 24 157 114 130 97 58 70 60 73 ... ... ... ... 77 92 3.1 ...
98 Somalia 9 237 2.9 98 101 7.3 7.3 149 122 212 195 408 350 1 600 98 40 45 44 49 ... ... ... ... 29 ... ... ...
99 Sudan 28 292 2.4 91 77 6.7 4.6 97 71 115 108 357 302 660 99 45 54 48 56 ... 0.6 1.2 34 34 22 92 0.3 ...
100 Syrian Arab Republic 15 333 3.2 108 84 7.4 4.0 67 33 47 33 197 138 180 100 58 67 62 71 ... 2.9 3.0 23 18 63 93 ... ...
101 Tunisia 9 335 2.1 86 60 5.7 2.6 88 30 38 36 176 144 170 101 60 68 61 71 3 075 3.5 1.7 2.0 2.0 22 23 74 92 5.9 3.0 52
102 United Arab Emirates 2 353 5.6 43 46 5.7 3.4 38 16 21 17 99 65 26 102 65 74 69 76 ... ... ... ... 56 95 2.5 2.0 81
103 Yemen 16 887 4.0 115 102 7.6 7.6 158 80 112 114 303 274 1 400 103 44 57 44 58 ... ... 36 47 22 51 2.5 1.1 43
Europe 870 128 0.5 56 50 2.2 1.6 35 21 30 23 217 95 59 67 69 74 77 10 189 2.6 2.0 6.9 0.8 65 87 7.1 5.2 78
104 Albania 3 119 1.0 73 57 4.2 2.5 50 30 46 39 122 65 65 104 67 70 71 76 ... ... ... ... 96 95 ... 2.5 ...
105 Andorra 72 4.4 ... ... ... ... ... 105 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 90 ... ...
106 Armenia 3 536 0.8 60 53 2.5 1.7 22 26 35 30 222 115 50 106 69 67 75 74 ... ... ... ... ... 92 7.8 3.1 40
107 Austria 8 140 0.4 59 47 1.6 1.4 17 6 8 7 137 63 10 107 69 74 76 80 12 955 2.9 2.1 6.6 1.9 ... ... 60 90 8.0 6.0 75
108 Azerbaijan 7 669 1.3 73 58 3.6 2.0 41 36 55 44 243 111 22 108 64 66 72 74 ... ... 24 20 ... ... 6.1 1.1 19
109 Belarus 10 315 0.4 52 50 2.1 1.4 22 23 36 20 339 126 37 109 66 62 76 74 ... ... ... ... ... 98 6.4 5.3 83
110 Belgium 10 141 0.2 54 51 1.7 1.6 14 7 9 7 119 64 10 110 69 74 76 81 13 484 2.7 2.1 8.4 0.7 ... ... 50 64 7.9 6.9 88
111 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 675 -0.2 53 41 2.2 1.4 36 15 19 15 172 88 ... 111 67 71 72 76 ... ... ... ... ... 85 ... ...
112 Bulgaria 8 336 -0.3 51 48 2.2 1.2 22 17 23 16 225 99 27 112 69 68 74 75 5 208 2.0 9.0 0.5 ... ... 100 93 6.9 5.5 80
113 Croatia 4 481 0.2 49 47 2.0 1.6 21 10 14 11 213 86 ... 113 67 69 74 77 ... ... ... ... ... 93 10.1 8.5 84
114 Czech Republic 10 282 0.0 57 45 2.3 1.2 18 6 9 7 183 81 15 114 67 70 74 77 ... ... 2 2 ... 96 9.1 7.4 81
115 Denmark 5 270 0.2 56 49 1.7 1.7 9 7 10 7 141 96 9 115 71 73 77 78 14 091 2.1 2.0 10.9 0.7 ... ... 82 84 6.4 5.1 79
116 Estonia 1 429 -0.1 52 47 2.1 1.3 22 19 33 17 314 109 41 116 65 63 74 75 ... ... ... ... ... 88 ... 6.4 ...
117 Finland 5 154 0.4 48 49 1.6 1.7 9 6 7 6 151 58 11 117 68 73 77 81 12 000 2.5 0.7 9.6 0.3 ... ... ... ... 7.5 5.6 75
118 France 58 683 0.5 58 53 1.9 1.7 11 6 8 7 145 63 15 118 70 74 78 82 13 918 2.6 1.5 6.6 0.7 ... ... 41 83 9.7 7.8 81
119 Georgia 5 059 0.1 55 54 2.4 1.9 36 20 27 20 221 86 33 119 67 69 74 77 ... ... ... ... ... 95 ... 0.6 ...
120 Germany 82 133 0.2 54 47 1.5 1.3 15 5 7 6 132 66 22 120 69 74 76 80 ... ... ... ... 50 ... 10.5 8.2 78
121 Greece 10 600 0.6 57 49 2.3 1.3 25 8 9 8 110 49 10 121 72 76 76 81 ... 6.4 2.7 ... ... 81 90 5.9 4.9 83
122 Hungary 10 116 -0.3 53 47 2.1 1.4 27 10 13 10 281 128 30 122 66 67 73 75 4 645 -1.1 8.0 0.9 ... ... 100 100 7.3 6.8 93
123 Iceland 276 1.0 62 53 2.3 2.1 9 5 6 6 92 63 0 123 73 77 79 81 12 618 3.0 0.5 7.6 0.7 ... ... ... ... 8.0 6.7 84
124 Ireland 3 681 0.5 72 50 3.5 1.9 15 7 9 7 114 66 10 124 70 74 75 79 9 637 3.3 3.2 8.1 0.0 ... ... ... ... 6.4 5.1 81
125 Israel 5 984 2.4 71 61 3.4 2.7 18 8 11 9 102 61 7 125 71 76 75 80 9 843 3.1 1.9 8.7 0.7 ... ... 89 94 4.1
126 Italy 57 369 0.1 56 47 1.9 1.2 18 7 9 8 108 54 12 126 70 75 77 81 12 721 3.0 2.2 5.7 1.0 ... ... 21 75 7.6 5.3 70
127 Kazakhstan 16 319 0.6 64 55 3.1 2.3 45 35 46 36 306 133 80 127 60 63 70 72 ... ... 18 14 ... 97 ... 2.2 ...
128 Kyrgyzstan 4 643 1.4 78 72 4.1 3.2 55 40 56 44 282 135 110 128 60 63 68 72 ... ... ... ... ... 98 ... 3.5 ...
129 Latvia 2 424 -0.2 51 49 2.0 1.3 23 18 31 18 334 118 40 129 64 62 74 74 ... ... ... ... ... 97 ... 4.4 ...
130 Lithuania 3 694 0.4 55 50 2.1 1.4 22 21 29 18 309 111 36 130 66 64 75 76 ... ... ... ... ... 96 ... 4.8 ...
131 Luxembourg 422 0.7 50 48 1.5 1.7 13 7 8 8 130 62 0 131 68 73 75 80 16 798 2.3 3.5 ... ... ... 77 91 7.0 6.5 93
132 Malta 384 1.0 50 48 2.0 1.9 15 8 11 8 93 55 ... 132 70 75 74 79 ... 6.3 0.8 ... ... 59 ... 7.4 ...
133 Monaco 33 1.2 ... ... ... ... ... 133 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
134 Netherlands 15 678 0.6 53 47 1.6 1.5 10 6 9 7 102 65 12 134 72 75 79 81 13 281 2.5 2.0 8.2 0.8 ... ... 93 96 8.6 6.6 77
135 Norway 4 419 0.4 59 54 1.8 1.9 9 5 7 6 107 59 6 135 72 75 79 81 15 518 3.2 2.5 7.6 0.8 ... ... 87 ... 7.9 6.5 83
136 Poland 38 718 0.5 51 48 2.3 1.5 23 15 18 14 224 88 19 136 67 68 75 77 3 826 0.5 9.3 0.6 ... ... 94 ... 6.0 5.0 83
137 Portugal 9 869 0.2 59 47 2.4 1.4 30 9 12 10 156 72 15 137 67 72 74 79 ... 3.3 0.7 ... ... 81 ... 8.2 4.9 60
138 Republic of Moldova 4 378 0.5 53 52 2.4 1.8 46 29 39 25 302 156 60 138 62 64 69 72 ... ... ... ... ... 99 ... 4.9 ...
139 Romania 22 474 0.1 57 46 2.6 1.2 31 23 39 26 243 105 130 139 67 66 72 74 ... 8.6 1.3 8 8 90 97 ... 3.6 ...
140 Russian Federation 147 434 0.4 47 46 1.9 1.3 30 18 25 19 400 146 75 140 62 61 73 73 ... ... 12 13 92 ... 4.8 4.1 87
141 San Marino 26 1.2 ... ... ... ... ... 141 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
142 Slovakia 5 377 0.5 57 47 2.5 1.4 22 11 14 12 216 89 ... 142 67 69 74 77 ... ... ... ... ... 98 ... 4.6 ...
143 Slovenia 1 993 0.5 54 43 2.2 1.3 17 7 9 8 189 81 13 143 67 71 75 78 ... ... ... ... ... 82 ... 7.3 ...
144 Spain 39 628 0.4 60 46 2.6 1.2 16 7 9 7 129 54 7 144 71 75 77 82 9 802 3.2 3.0 6.1 0.4 ... ... 85 ... 7.7 5.9 76
145 Sweden 8 875 0.4 56 56 1.6 1.6 8 5 7 6 97 63 7 145 72 76 78 81 13 986 1.8 1.1 9.3 0.4 ... ... 93 ... 7.3 5.9 80
146 Switzerland 7 299 0.7 52 47 1.5 1.5 10 6 10 7 114 60 6 146 72 75 79 82 15 887 1.4 1.2 8.3 1.2 ... ... ... ... 9.8 7.0 72
147 Tajikistan 6 015 2.4 94 84 5.9 4.2 69 57 88 73 219 142 130 147 62 64 67 70 ... ... ... ... ... 95 ... 5.8 ...
148 The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 1 999 0.7 57 50 2.7 2.1 57 23 27 24 146 81 ... 148 68 71 71 75 ... ... ... ... ... 98 8.3 7.3 89
149 Turkey 64 479 2.1 80 53 4.5 2.5 120 45 67 52 174 111 180 149 58 67 63 72 3 807 2.8 2.9 2.6 1.6 21 20 50 76 4.2 2.7 65
150 Turkmenistan 4 309 2.3 87 75 5.3 3.6 73 55 86 69 267 154 55 150 58 62 65 69 ... ... ... ... ... 100 ... 1.2 ...
151 Ukraine 50 861 0.1 50 49 2.0 1.4 23 19 30 20 311 124 50 151 64 64 74 74 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4.9 ...
152 United Kingdom 58 649 0.2 58 54 1.7 1.7 14 7 9 8 110 69 9 152 70 75 76 80 12 724 2.0 2.2 8.7 0.1 ... ... 76 95 6.9 5.8 84
153 Uzbekistan 23 574 2.2 89 76 5.1 3.4 58 44 69 56 245 145 55 153 62 64 68 71 ... ... 34 29 ... 88 ... 3.5 ...
154 Yugoslavia 10 635 0.6 52 50 2.4 1.8 38 18 28 23 157 77 ... 154 68 70 73 75 ... 6.2 2.1 7 7 92 91 ... ...
South-East Asia 1 485 056 1.9 79 62 4.9 2.9 121 68 87 97 237 189 610 53 62 53 64 1 558 2.2 3.3 2.4 2.3 40 85 4.7 1.1 27
155 Bangladesh 124 774 2.0 98 67 6.7 3.1 137 79 106 116 295 276 850 155 47 58 46 58 1 510 1.5 2.5 1.2 2.1 54 55 6 97 2.4 1.2 48
156 Bhutan 2 004 2.3 81 88 5.9 5.5 130 63 98 94 268 225 1 600 156 45 60 47 62 ... ... ... ... 52 84 ... 2.3 ...
157 Democratic People's Republic of Korea 23 348 1.5 82 48 3.3 2.1 38 22 27 25 184 108 70 157 62 69 69 75 ... ... ... ... 94 ... ... ...
158 India 982 223 2.0 76 64 4.8 3.1 129 72 82 97 230 182 570 158 53 62 52 63 1 282 1.8 3.2 2.2 2.7 52 52 44 81 5.6 1.2 22
159 Indonesia 206 338 1.8 81 56 4.7 2.6 105 48 69 56 236 184 650 159 52 63 54 67 2 102 4.0 3.5 3.2 1.5 43 41 46 92 1.8 0.6 37
160 Maldives 271 3.0 86 91 7.0 5.4 106 50 53 80 208 222 ... 160 56 66 53 63 ... ... 28 26 41 96 4.9 ...
161 Myanmar 44 497 1.6 78 51 5.3 2.4 114 79 121 104 262 207 580 161 50 59 53 62 ... 1.8 0.7 47 42 17 88 ... 0.4 ...
162 Nepal 22 847 2.6 85 83 6.2 4.5 142 83 110 124 301 287 1 500 162 47 58 45 57 ... 0.3 1.5 47 50 37 85 5.0 1.2 24
163 Sri Lanka 18 455 1.3 69 51 3.8 2.1 41 18 22 20 171 93 140 163 65 71 69 75 2 215 1.9 2.1 5.0 0.9 23 25 55 94 1.9 1.4 76
164 Thailand 60 300 1.5 83 47 4.3 1.7 56 29 37 33 272 173 200 164 59 66 63 72 3 942 4.7 6.0 4.8 0.8 ... ... 52 ... 5.3 1.4 26
Western Pacific 1 651 154 1.3 71 49 3.3 1.9 53 38 43 50 162 100 120 64 68 67 73 2 959 4.0 4.1 4.4 3.0 62 94 4.2 2.3 54
165 Australia 18 520 1.3 55 50 2.1 1.8 13 6 8 6 105 56 9 165 70 75 77 81 14 458 2.0 1.8 9.8 0.7 ... ... 68 87 8.6 5.7 67
166 Brunei Darussalam 315 2.8 74 58 4.4 2.8 23 10 11 11 124 64 60 166 68 73 71 78 ... ... ... ... 100 98 ... 2.2 ...
167 Cambodia 10 716 2.4 76 82 4.1 4.6 263 103 141 127 400 323 900 167 30 51 33 55 ... ... ... ... 52 68 7.2 0.7 10
168 China 1 255 698 1.3 73 47 3.3 1.8 52 41 43 54 164 101 95 168 64 68 66 72 1 493 4.1 4.5 3.4 3.6 32 31 63 96 3.8 2.1 54
169 Cook Islands 19 0.2 ... ... ... ... ... 169 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 84 89 ... ...
170 Fiji 796 1.3 72 59 4.0 2.7 37 20 28 18 148 97 90 170 66 71 69 75 ... 7.0 0.9 2 4 64 75 3.4 2.3 68
171 Japan 126 281 0.5 48 45 1.8 1.4 9 4 6 5 99 50 18 171 73 77 78 83 15 105 4.9 3.6 8.8 0.8 ... ... ... ... 7.2 5.6 78
172 Kiribati 81 1.6 ... ... ... ... ... 172 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 14 82 ... 22.8 ...
173 Lao People's Democratic Republic 5 163 2.5 81 91 6.7 5.8 135 93 154 146 344 296 650 173 42 52 45 55 ... ... 48 47 11 67 2.6 1.3 48
174 Malaysia 21 410 2.5 78 64 4.2 3.2 34 11 16 13 179 107 80 174 64 70 67 74 5 746 4.5 3.3 4.4 2.3 ... ... 41 84 2.5 1.5 60
175 Marshall Islands 60 3.1 ... ... ... ... ... 175 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 31 52 ... 12.4 ...
176 Micronesia, Federated States of 114 1.9 ... ... ... ... ... 176 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 69 74 ... ...
177 Mongolia 2 579 2.5 86 67 6.6 2.6 88 51 72 75 224 166 65 177 55 64 58 67 ... ... 26 27 61 98 4.7 4.4 92
178 Nauru 11 2.3 ... ... ... ... ... 178 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 121 ... ...
179 New Zealand 3 796 1.0 60 53 2.2 2.0 14 7 9 8 125 79 26 179 69 74 76 80 11 363 1.1 0.4 10.8 0.9 ... ... 67 114 7.2 5.5 76
180 Niue 2 -3.2 ... ... ... ... ... 180 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 94 100 ... ...
181 Palau 19 2.4 ... ... ... ... ... 181 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 98 83 ... ...
182 Papua New Guinea 4 600 2.3 81 72 5.9 4.6 77 61 79 88 370 327 930 182 50 57 50 59 1 606 0.4 -0.3 1.2 1.0 ... ... 37 40 ... 2.8 ...
183 Philippines 72 944 2.3 82 69 5.0 3.6 62 36 49 38 200 151 280 183 58 67 61 70 1 689 1.1 -1.2 6.8 -0.2 34 31 68 90 2.4 1.3 56
184 Republic of Korea 46 109 1.1 64 40 2.9 1.7 30 10 13 13 203 98 130 184 61 69 68 76 ... 8.1 2.4 ... ... 82 85 5.4 34
185 Samoa 174 0.6 99 76 6.2 4.2 76 23 25 29 178 125 35 185 61 69 64 74 ... ... ... ... 78 99 ... 3.1 ...
186 Singapore 3 476 2.0 51 41 1.9 1.7 13 5 6 6 118 78 10 186 69 75 73 79 12 653 6.7 4.8 5.0 1.0 ... ... 94 90 3.5 1.3 37
187 Solomon Islands 417 3.5 106 86 7.1 4.9 47 23 32 22 160 108 ... 187 63 70 67 74 ... ... ... ... 58 68 5.6 4.8 86
188 Tonga 98 0.4 ... ... ... ... ... 188 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 88 97 4.0 ...
189 Tuvalu 11 2.2 ... ... ... ... ... 189 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 65 100 ... ...
190 Vanuatu 182 2.5 91 83 5.5 4.3 84 39 54 42 211 157 280 190 55 66 59 70 ... ... ... ... 34 65 ... 3.3 ...
191 Viet Nam 77 562 2.1 91 66 5.6 2.6 82 38 54 57 218 147 160 191 54 65 58 70 ... ... 47 47 42 96 5.2 1.1 22
a Italics indicate less populous Member States (under 150 000 population in 1998).
... Data not available or not applicable.


Other Data on Mortality Decline



Compiled in 1999
By World Health Organization